One day Suhayb ar-Rumi was told that Muhammad ﷺ was calling people to a new religion in the house or’ al-Arqam ibn Abi al-Arqam. After meeting with him, he was convinced of the truth of his message and pledged fealty to Muhammad ﷺ. The ruling tribe of Quraish soon learned of Suhayb’s acceptance of Islam and began harassing him. When Muhammad ﷺ gave permission for his followers to migrate to Medina in 622, Suhayb resolved to accompany Muhammad ﷺ and Abu Bakr, but the Quraish discovered his intentions and placed guards over him to prevent him from leaving Mecca and taking the wealth he had acquired through trade. After the departure of Muhammad ﷺ and Abu Bakr, Suhayb continued to bide his time, unsuccessfully attempting to escape several times.
One night, Suhayb feigned stomach problems and went out repeatedly as if responding to calls of nature. His captors became relaxed and Suhayb quietly armed himself, readied a mount and headed for Medina. When his captors realized Suhayb was gone they left in pursuit and eventually caught up with him. Seeing them approach, Suhayb clambered up a hill and holding his bow and arrow, he shouted:
“Men of Quraish! You know, by God, that I am one of the best archers and my aim is unerring. By God, if you come near me, with each arrow I have, I shall kill one of you. Then I shall strike with my sword.”
The men responded “By God, we shall not let you escape from us with your life and money. You came to Mecca weak and poor and you have acquired what you have acquired..”
“What would you say if I leave you my wealth?” interrupted Suhayb. “Would you get out of my way?” “Yes,” they answered.
Suhayb described the place in his house in Mecca where he had left the money, and they allowed him to go. When Suhayb reached Quba, just outside Medina, Muhammad ﷺ saw him approaching and said, “Your transaction has been fruitful, O Abu Yahya. Your transaction has been fruitful.” He repeated this three times. Suhayb’s face beamed with happiness as he said: “By God, no one has come before me to you, Messenger of God, and only Jibril could have told you about this.”
Ibn `Abbas, Anas, Sa`id bin Musayyib, Abu `Uthman An-Nahdi, `Ikrimah and several other scholars said that the following Ayah was revealed about Suhayb Ar-Rumi.
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْرِي نَفْسَهُ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ رَءُوفٌ بِالْعِبَادِ
And of the people is he who sells himself, seeking means to the approval of Allah . And Allah is kind to [His] servants.
Surah 2, Ayah 207